Machado de Assis
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (1839–1908) is recognized by critics as Brazil's greatest writer. Among his novels, Dom Casmurro and The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas are acknowledged masterpieces of world literature. If he had written in French instead of Portuguese, it has been said, he would today be universally recognized as the equal of Flaubert and Hugo. September 2008 marks the centenary of his death.