Rafael Alberti (1902–1999) was a Spanish poet and visual artist and a member of the "Generation of '27," an influential group of avant-garde poets. He wrote several books of poetry during his lifetime, including Marinero en Tierra (Landlocked Sailor), Cal y Canto (Passion and Form) and Sobre los ángeles. In the 1930s, Alberti's work became overtly political, and he joined the Communist Party of Spain. He fled to Argentina after Franco's victory in 1939. Alberti lived abroad (including Paris and Rome) until 1977, when he returned to Spain. Alberti was awarded the Premio Cervantes, the Spanish literary world's highest honor, in 1983.