Shams Langeroody is one of the most prominent literary figures of contemporary Iran. He was born in 1951, in Langrood, a costal town edging on the Caspian Sea. Langeroody moved to Rasht, a large Northern city in Iran, and entered the school of finance, receiving a BA in economics in 1974. in 1977, Langeroody published his first collection of poetry, entitled The Manner of Thirst.
In 1981, he was arrested as a political activist and served a six-month sentence. One of Shams Langeroody's major contributions to Persian literature besides his poetry and prose is his four-volume Analytic History of the Modern Poetry of Iran published in Persian. Langeroodi's poems have been translated into many languages and his book of poetry entitled Fifty-Three Love Songs has been translated into Kurdish and Arabic.