Born in 1910 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, Bhuwaneshwar spent a childhood marked by abject poverty and neglect. He was discovered by the iconic Hindi writer Premchand for his exceptional literary talent in 1933 and was declared the future of Hindi literature in 1936 at the Progressive Writers’ Association. Noted initially for his plays, he soon started writing short stories in Hindi and poetry in English as well as translating Oscar Wilde and Nikolai Gogol into Hindi. He enjoyed some literary success before being treated coldly by the literary community. After continued financial struggles and a rejected marriage proposal, he descended into alcoholism and spent his remaining days on the streets of Allahabad. He was last spotted in Benaras, ill and among beggars. He died sometime in 1957.